TEMPUS was the European Union’s programme which supported the modernisation of higher education in the EU’s surrounding area from 1990-2013. Tempus promoted institutional cooperation that involved the European Union and Partner Countries and focused on the reform and modernisation of higher education systems in the Partner Countries of Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Western Balkans and the Mediterranean region.

It also aimed to promote voluntary convergence of the higher education systems in the Partner Countries with EU developments in the field of higher education. With regards to the Western Balkans, Tempus contributed to preparing the candidate and potential candidate countries for participation in the integrated Life Long Learning Programme.

In addition to promoting cooperation between institutions, Tempus also promoted a people-to-people approach. Tempus provided support to consortia of institutions composed mainly of universities or university associations. Non-academic partners could also be part of a consortium.

The Tempus programme was implemented in close coordination with the Erasmus Mundus programme which provided scholarships to third country students allowing them to participate in top-level Master courses and Doctorate programmes outside the EU.

As of 2014, Tempus-like activities became part of the new Erasmus+ programme.

For 2007-2013 Tempus selection results, please see: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/sites/2007-2013/tempus-programme_en