The Republic of Tajikistan is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an area of approximately 144,000 square kilometres. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. The capital Dushanbe has a population of around 7.9 million people. The majority of the population belong to the Tajik ethnic group, who speak Tajik (a dialect of Persian) and many Tajiks also speak Russian as their second language.
Tajikistan became independent from the Soviet Union on 9 September 1991 and was almost immediately plunged into civil war, which lasted from 1992-1997. Since the end of the war, newly established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country’s economy to grow. EmomaliiRahmon, leader of the People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan, has held the office of President continually since November 1994.
Tajikistan has an estimated GDP per capita of $1,114. Approximately 47% of GDP comes from services, 27% from agriculture and 25% from industry (UN, 2014). In 2015 Tajikistan spent 16.28% of total government expenditure on education, which was 5.23% of GDP (UNESCO).
|Population (2016): 8.670.000||
|GDP (2015): $7.853 billion|
|GDP growth (2015): 6%|
|Life expectancy at birth (2015): 69.2|
|Annual population growth: 2.2%|
|Population under 25: 55%|
|Currency: Somoni (TJS)|
|Official language: Tajik|
* UN and World Bank data, retrieved 2017
Higher education in Tajikistan is provided by a total of 40 institutions, including universities (donishgoh), academies (akademiya) and institutes (donishkada). Although Tajikistan is not a Bologna signatory country, most HE institutions have now introduced 4-year Bachelor degrees and 2-year Master’s degree in line with the EU system; some 5 or 6-year Specialist Diplomas are still offered in professional fields such as medicine, veterinary medicine, pharmacy and engineering. In 2015, there was a 26.37% gross enrolment ratio in tertiary education (UNESCO).
Since 2014 VET has been the responsibility of the Department of the Ministry of Labour Migration and Employment (MoLME). The sector currently includes 61 institutions of initial vocational education and 73 vocational training centres for adults (5 centres, 38 branches and 30 representative offices), preparing skilled workers in 96 different specialties (MoLME, 2017).
National Erasmus+ office: http://erasmusplus.tj/
Overview of HE system (2012):http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/tempus/participating_countries/overview/Tajikistan.pdf
Overview of VET sector (2015): http://www.etf.europa.eu/webatt.nsf/0/8741316405997683C1257E420041D265/$file/TRP%202014%20Tajikistan_EN.pdf
UN Country profile: http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=TAJIKISTAN