The Republic of Uzbekistan is one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world, bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest. It is Central Asia’s most populated country with more than 30 million people, most of whom (80%) are ethnic Uzbeks.
Uzbekistan has an area of almost 450,000square kilometres, mostly covered by a vast desert and mountains.It is a unitary, constitutional, presidential republic and proclaimed independence from the collapsing Soviet Union on 1 September, 1991.The capital city is Tashkent, which has a population of over 2 million.
With an estimated GDP per capita of $2,138, approximately 48% of GDP comes from services, 33% from industry and 19% from agriculture (UN, 2014). Uzbekistan’s economy has grown rapidlyover the past decade and lifted significantparts of the population out of poverty.Increased exports and high commodity priceshave generated revenues that havefinanced large increases in investment and salaries to bolster consumption. However, continued recession in Russia, slowing growth in China and declining prices in natural gas, copper, and cottonare contributing to a slight reduction inthe country’s GDP growth. Unemployment is very low as Uzbekistan provides graduates with their first job.
In 2012Turkmenistan spent 8.3% of GDP on education (ETF).
|Population (2016): 31.299.500||
|GDP (2015): $66.73billion|
|GDP growth (2014): 8.1%|
|Life expectancy at birth (2014): 68.1|
|Annual population growth: 1.5%|
|Population under 25: 34%|
|Currency: Uzbekistan Som (UZS)|
|Official language: Uzbek|
* UN and World Bank data, retrieved 2017
There are currently 81 higher education institution in Uzbekistan; 31 of these are under the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialised Education (MHSSE)and the others are specialised HEIs coordinated by other sectoral ministries. Institution types includeuniversities (universitet), academies (akademiya) and institutes (institut). This number also includes 7 foreign university branches.
Recent reforms in the higher education sector ofthe country have resulted in a switch to a two-level structure consisting of a 4-year Bachelor(Bakalavr) programme and a 2-year Master (Magistr) programme. The old two-stage postgraduate system (Candidate of Sciences and Doctor of Sciences) has also been replaced by a single level Doctor of Sciences.
In 2015, there was an 8.79% gross enrolment ratio in tertiary education (UNESCO).
Following 9 years of general education (6-15 years of age), students can choose to study for 3 years either at an academic lyceum or follow a vocational path at a vocational/professional college. The majority of students going on to this stage of education study at the latter, with VET colleges accounting for around 90% of upper secondary institutions. The number of vocational colleges has grown rapidly, from under 50 in 1998 to over 1,500 in 2014.
Vocational education is broadly conceived and aims at providing the capacity to think and perform in a wide range of industries. It is not designed to focus on simply the ability to carry out the functions required in a specific job or occupation.
Secondary VET education is coordinated by the Centre for Secondary Specialised Vocational Education (SSVE Centre) under the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialised Education. Both the government and international partners have made significant investments in infrastructure in recent years, particularly in the secondary specialised education sector, to enhance the quality of vocational training.
Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialised Education: http://www.edu.uz/en
National Erasmus+ office: http://erasmusplus.uz
Overview of HE system (2012):http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/tempus/participating_countries/overview/uzbekistan.pdf
Overview of VET sector (2015): http://www.etf.europa.eu/webatt.nsf/0/E784EF78775A591BC1257F3A0057BCC8/$file/TRP%202014%20Uzbekistan_EN.pdf
UN Country profile: http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crname=Uzbekistan